Freedom – Biblical
“It is for freedom that Christ has set us free” (Galatians 5:1).
Central texts: Galatians 5:1–6:10; 1 Corinthians 8–10; Epictetus, On Freedom (Dissertations V,1). Freedom can be approached from many different points of view. A special contribution to this fundamental human longing comes from the Apostle Paul. He establishes a complex dialectic between the obligation to live according to the law and the independence an individual can achieve in his or her moral choices. Paul thereby enters into a contested philosophical field with stoic philosophy in imperial Rome: Who is really free and what does it mean to live a free life?